Hostile Terrain 94 (HT94) is a global participatory political art project that memorializes and bears witness to the thousands of migrants who have died as a result of Prevention Through Deterrence, the U.S. immigration policy between Mexico and the United States. The project is sponsored and organized by the Undocumented Migration Project, a non-profit research-art-education-media collective directed by Jason De León, Professor of Anthropology and Chicana/o Studies at UCLA.
The pop-up installation is a 20-foot long map of the Arizona/Mexico border populated with approximately 3200 handwritten toe tags containing information about those who have died while migrating.
In collaboration with the 2019–2020 Forum on Kinship at the Wolf Humanities Center, Penn Museum will host one of HT94's eight prototype exhibitions. Those exhibitions will then culminate in the 2020 launch of Hostile Terrain 94 in approximately 150 locations around the world.
Cosponsored by Penn’s Department of Anthropology, Center for Experimental Ethnography, Cinema and Media Studies Program, Latin American and Latino Studies Program, Penn Provost, Price Lab for Digital Humanities, and SACHS Program for Arts Innovation.
HT94 is an active community event to be created by hundreds of people throughout Penn and Philadelphia. Volunteers sign up to handwrite on toe tags the name, age, sex, date, and cause of death, and other details for each of the approximately 3200 people whose bodies have been recovered along the Southern Arizona border since 2000. The toe tags will then be placed on the wall map of the Arizona/Mexico border in the exact location where corresponding human remains were found, to be on exhibition in Penn Museum on September 25.