Jonathan de Jong

Andrew W. Mellon Undergraduate Fellow in the Humanities

20102011 Forum on Virtuality

Jonathan de Jong

International Relations, History, Dutch

CAS, 2011

From Also-Rans to Bargaining Equals? The Benelux and Early European Integration

The European Union represents the largest virtual process among nations underway today: the closer political association of deeply disparate and, in some cases, historically antagonistic states. The Benelux were members of the original “inner six” countries that formed the antecedents to the European Union. Their history and geography put them in a unique position to broker European integration. The purpose of this study is to examine these three countries’ contributions to integration—their internal dynamics, their methods and motivations in pursuing pragmatic, virtual integration, and how their political positions were affected by the integration process.